Fast Facts

Capital: Cairo
Official Language: Arabic
Government: Presidential Republic
Legislative Authority: People’s Assembly
National Day: 23 July
Population: 102,334,403 (June 2020 est.)
Time Zone: (UTC + 2)
Currency: Egyptian Pound (to view the exchange rate please click here)

Administrative Division

The Arab Republic of Egypt is administratively divided into 27 governorates. 

Cities and Ports

With over 100 million citizens, Egypt is the most populous country in North Africa and the Arab world, the third-most populous in Africa, and the fifteenth-most populous in the world. About half of Egypt’s residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major port cities in the Nile Delta, including Damietta, Suez and Port Said.

National Anthem

“Bilady, laki hubbi wa fu’adi (“My homeland, you have my love and my heart”; Arabic: بلادي لك حبي و فؤادي‎) – or simply “Bilady, Bilady” – is the national anthem of Egypt. The melody was composed by Sayed Darwish (1892–1923) and was adopted in 1979.  (Click here to listen to the National Anthem)

The Flag

  • In October 1984, this flag with its red, white and black horizontal bands has become the national flag.
    The flag colors are:
  • Red at the top, being the most vivid color, it expresses power and hope. It also symbolizes the martyr’s blood.
  • White in the middle, it represents the bright future ahead of the Country. In the middle of this white band, there is the golden eagle -one of the most powerful birds.
  • Black at the bottom, being a color denoting oppression and occupation, it represents the days during which the Egyptians fought against injustice.